Types of Depression
Depression is a phase when you are extremely sad. Depression is also known as clinical depression or major depression. Depression is more than a feeling of sadness. It may lead to emotional or physical problems that can affect your day to day work. Depression is a modern term. Previously it was known as “Melancholia”. It is a term that is coined by Hippocrates , the father of western medicine.
Causes of Depression:
Depression can happen for various causes. Here are few examples,
Abuses: History of physical, mental or sexual abuses may create depression in a person.
Certain Medication: There are a number of medicine that can cause depression. The medication for blood pressure can also cause depression
Conflict: Conflict in personal life can also affect your mental health which can lead to depression.
Death or loss: Death or loss of dear ones can create a depression for months if not years.
Genetics: History of depression in the family make you at high risk to be affected by severe depression.
Types of Depression
There are several forms of depression. The general signs of depression are feeling of sadness, loss and restlessness, lack of concentration and appetite. The main types of depression are –
Major depression is the most common form of depression. It is also known as Unipolar Depression. It can last from few days to a couple of weeks. Major depression creates a loss of interest in daily activities which we normally do under happy conditions. You can feel emotionally low and drained. The major depression affects a personal life and his or her relationship with their loved ones. It creates a feeling of worthlessness. In this phase of depression suicidal thoughts are prevalent.
Melancholia is a form of severe depression. In this form depression people tend to work slowly than their usual pace. It can prevent you from functioning normally. Melancholia creates a mood with a lack of interest in everything. The duration of this type of depression can be as little as a day or a few weeks. It may occur only once but generally it re-occurs often in a person’s life
Chronic depression or Dysthymia
Chronic depression or Dysthymia is long term depression. It can last more than two years. It is less severe than major depression. Though it has the symptoms of major depression and it does not disrupt the pace of a patient’s life. There are difference of opinion among the experts about the cause of the chronic depression or dysthymia. Many experts believed that it is caused by the genes. But many without the genetic history of the depression have been affected by this chronic depression. It may occur due to intense stress, work pressure, problems in a relationship etc. It is also believed to affect the chemical balances in the brain.
Psychotic depression makes you lose connection with reality. People tend to believe their imagination in regards to unreal things. They may have feeling of being followed. It generally creates a delusion or hallucination. It gives you a feeling of paranoia. It makes you think that you are the cause of everything bad or evil in this world.
Antenatal or Postnatal Depression
Women are at high risk of having this kind of depression during pregnancy. It is a complex form of depression. It happens in the following year after the child’s birth. This type of depression can happen for different reasons. After child birth the mother suffers from “baby blues” which is a stress concerning the baby. But depression is different from baby blues as it last longer and can affect the mother’s relationship with the child and the family.
Bipolar disorder is also known as “manic depression”. In this kind type of depression the patient may have a normal period of time between extreme behaviors. In bipolar depression the symptoms may include feeling great, having lots of energy, having racy thoughts, a very little need for sleep, having difficulty in focusing in a task or feeling irritated etc.
The patient of bipolar disorder has a family normally has a history of depression. Stress or conflict is the catalyst for the bipolar disorder.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
SAD is a mood disorder with seasonal pattern. It generally happens in a particular season. Most people encounter this disorder during winter season. People living in a country that has shorter days and longer nights are most affected by this disorder.