Severe Depression Symptoms
What does having Depression mean?
Depression is a severe form of illness. The word depression explains the feelings of sadness, setbacks, struggles, and disappointments that are experienced in life. Although depression is predominantly associated with sadness some people can feel apathetic, empty, and lifeless while others feel restless, aggressive and angry. Depression engulfs our daily activities, interferes with our work, sleep, eat, and work with unrelenting and intense feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness and helplessness. Each person is affected in a different way by the symptoms of depression. Factors like inherited characteristics, gender, age and cultural backgrounds play crucial role in the way a person gets affected by depression.
Severe Depression Symptoms
Some of the more common symptoms of severe depression experienced by people are:
- Feelings of unhappiness and sadness.
- Increased frustration and irritation even over petty matters.
- Loss of interest in doing usual activities.
- Excessive sleeping or insomnia.
- Changes in appetite. In some people appetite is reduced with weight loss while in others increases appetite with weight gain.
- Reduction in sex drive.
- Restlessness or agitation like sporadic movement, pacing or lack of patience.
- Angry outbursts or irritation.
- Lethargic body movements with slowed thinking abilities and speaking.
- Decrease in concentration with distractibility and indecisiveness.
- Feelings of tiredness, loss of energy and fatigue even in doing small tasks.
- Feelings of guilt and worthlessness and thoughts of past failures creep into the mind when things go wrong.
- Trouble in making decisions, thinking, remembering things, and concentrating.
- Repeated thoughts of suicide and dying.
- Crying without any reason.
- Unknown problems like headaches or back pain.
Severe Depression Symptoms in children
Depression symptoms affect children in a manner different from the adults. Some of the common symptoms include:
- In young children, depression causes sadness, hopelessness, worry and irritability.
- Adolescents avoid social interaction and become anxious and angry.
- In children, depression causes problems of mental health conditions, behavior and hyperactive disorder called ADHD.
- Schoolwork can get affected in depressed children.
Severe Depression Symptoms in aged people
Aged people are not usually affected by depression and most of them are happy with their lives. But older adults can get affected by depression. Most of the time it goes untreated and undiagnosed because they are unwilling to seek help.
- In aged people, symptoms of depression such as sleep problems, fatigue, and loss of appetite go undiagnosed because they seem to have occurred from other illnesses.
- Older people may feel helpless, worthless, bored and get dissatisfied with life. They may want to stay indoors and feel reluctant to go outside to socialize.
- Feelings of death or suicide are serious depression symptoms in older people that should not be taken lightly.
When to consult a doctor?
When feeling depressed, make sure to seek the advice of a doctor as quickly as possible. As symptoms are not cured on their own. They can get worse over time if not treated as quickly as possible. Depression if not treated can cause problems physically as well as mentally. The feelings of death and suicide can also creep into the minds off sufferers.
Diagnosis of major depression
A doctor or psychiatrist usually does a thorough medical checkup. Depression screening tests are done. No laboratory tests, blood tests or X-ray can diagnose major depression. Clinical assessments and both ICD-10 and DSM-IV-TR criteria are used to mark depression symptoms.
Treatment of major depression
Major depression is one kind of serious but curable illness. When consulted with a doctor antidepressant medication for controlling the symptoms are generally advised. Talk therapy or psychotherapy is also suggested. To boost the effectiveness of antidepressants other medications are also prescribed. In case of severe symptoms shock therapy or electroconvulsive therapy is also used.
Prevention of Major Depression
After having major depression, the chances of having a second run in is quite high. In order to prevent a second episode of depression you should be aware of causes, triggers and symptoms of depression and continue to take the medications prescribed by the doctor. You must consult with a doctor if you have any of the symptoms.